Mark Twain said, "It 's easier to fool people than to convince them that they have been fooled".
Homer is a constant source of frustration for archaeologists, for philologists and all commentators ... hundreds of pages with thousands of names, events, references, locations,
etc. But they end up confusing rather than help us to clarify them. But if the solution was different from those painstakingly elaborated over the centuries by writers? Why Homer continued to praise the art of deception? Because he slept ... or because it is he who has deceived all of us for 3000 years? And the myths are only fairy tales, or are born from real events of which we just begin to glimpse the origin?

Seven articles of Alberto Majrani on the site of archaeologist Pierluigi Montalbano with automatic translation (you can click on google translator and select INGLESE as language)

Many other abstract in italian here
from the new book by Alberto Majrani entitled L'ASTUTO OMERO The CUNNING HOMER – Ulysses, Nobody, Philoctetes and the ingenious deception of the Odyssey

martedì 29 giugno 2021


Here is one of the strangest and weirdest pieces of information we get from the Odyssey, since Penelope:

So he said, and Telemachus sneezed loudly, and the whole house
Fearfully echoed: Penelope then laughed,
And immediately to Eumeus fleeting words said:
“Go, invite the guest to come forth here:
Can’t you see that the son sneezes at all my words?
So would the death of the suitors come true, of all”. (XVII, 541-546)

It seems that Homer wants us to know that Telemachus sneezes, so that the fact is also remarked by his mother the queen, but what can be so special a sneeze, to deserve to appear in an immortal work? For us moderns maybe nothing, but for the ancients such a gesture was considered good luck, so that even today when someone sneezes we exclaim joyfully: “Salute! (Health!)”or “God bless you!”. Which is in itself quite strange, since often a sneeze is a symptom of the arrival of a more serious and annoying disease, such as fever or allergy, otitis or worse. According to the ancients the sneeze had to be of divine origin, being produced by a sacred part of the body, the head. So we say “Salute” to imply “May the gods bring you health instead of sickness” or something similar. Perhaps not many people know that Giacomo Leopardi, in addition to sad and pessimistic poems that have plagued for generations students who had to learn by heart, was also the author of an “Essay on the popular errors of the ancients” that had an entire chapter dedicated to sneezing. For us, the attention should be shifted not on the sneeze, but on its author, that is Telemachus: Homer wants us to know that the destiny of the annihilation of the suitors will be sanctioned by the divine will and will be fulfilled by Telemachus, and not by Ulysses. 

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